Shaping is a conditioning paradigm used primarily in the experimental analysis of behavior. The method used is differential reinforcement of successive approximations. It was introduced by B. F. Skinner with pigeons and extended to dogs, dolphins, humans and other species. In shaping, the form of an existing response is gradually changed across ...
The process of establishing a behavior that is not learned or performed by an individual at present is referred to as Shaping. It can also be defined as a conditioning paradigm used primarily in the experimental analysis of behavior.
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shaping: A method of positive reinforcement of behavior patterns in operant conditioning. In his operant-conditioning experiments, Skinner often used an approach called shaping. Instead of rewarding only the target, or desired, behavior, the process of shaping involves the reinforcement of successive approximations of the target behavior.
Shaping is also known as the method of successive approximations. Behaviorist B.F. Skinner used shaping as a technique in experiments testing operant conditioning principles. Shaping is used in operant conditioning, a behavior modification technique developed by B.F. Skinner.
Definition: an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforceres guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior Researcher: B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) Study: reward responses close to desired behavior and ignore others to shape complex behaviors
Psychology definition for Shaping in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors and leading students. Help us get better.
conditioning [kon-dish´un-ing] 1. in physical medicine, improvement of physical health by a program of exercises; called also physical conditioning. 2. in psychology, a form of learning in which a response is elicited by a neutral stimulus which previously had been repeatedly presented in conjunction with the stimulus that originally elicited the ...
The process of establishing a behavior that is not learned or performed by an individual at present is referred to as Shaping. Shaping can also be defined as the procedure that involves reinforcing behaviors that are closer to the target behavior, also known as successive approximations.
Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an individual makes an association between a particular behavior and a consequence. B.F Skinner is regarded as the father of operant conditioning and introduced a new term to behavioral psychology, reinforcement.