The seniority rule refers to a custom in the United States Congress that grants committee chairmanship to a majority party member who has served on the committee for the longest amount of time. Service time on the commit... More »

The seniority system in Congress grants privileges, such as choice of committee assignments or choice of office, to the members of congress who have served the longest. It is normally seen when deciding who is going to b... More »

The Speaker of the House of Representatives is elected by a roll call voice vote in the House. This occurs at the beginning of each new Congress, as well as when a Speaker dies or retires or when the House majority chang... More »

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Members of Congress have five roles they are expected to assume throughout their terms: legislator, representative, committee member, servant of their constituents and politician. Each role entails specific responsibilit... More »

American citizens that are registered voters directly elect the United States Congress. Congressional elections, referred to as mid-term elections, are held once every 2 years through a U.S. President's term of office. More »

The United States Congress cannot pass bills of attainder, suspend the writ of habeas corpus unless it is a time of national emergency or pass ex post facto laws. Even though Congress lacks these three powers, it can sti... More »

Bicameralism of the United States Congress is in accordance with the basic principle of the government contained in the Constitution, that the government must be separated into two equal powers to prevent tyranny. The tw... More »