Summary of H.R.1509 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): To amend the Military Selective Service Act to require the reinstatement of the draft whenever an authorization on the use of military force or declaration of war is in effect and to provide for the registration of women with the Selective Service System, and for other purposes.
Summary of H.R.4523 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): To repeal the Military Selective Service Act, and thereby terminate the registration requirements of such Act and eliminate civilian local boards, civilian appeal boards, and similar local agencies of the Selective Service System.
The service branches continue to move forward with a plan to eliminate all unnecessary gender-based barriers to service. Ongoing project is still underway. The Selective Service System, if given the mission and modest additional resources, is capable of registering and drafting women with its existing infrastructure.
Could the Military Selective Service Act be enforced effectively if enacted in 2016? ... the Selective Service is enacted, and simply requires each American male citizen register at the age of 18. But, I'm sure you actually mean an active draft lottery, as in the past. ... (Selective Service Act)? Daniel Dombrowsky, Former Navy.
Enacted in the early days of World War I, the Selective Service Act of 1917 authorized the country’s first military draft. By the conclusion of the war, 24 million men had registered for military service. At the end of the Civil War, the United States ended mandatory military service.
legcounsel.house.gov/Comps/Military Selective Service Act.pdf
Sec. 4 Military Selective Service Act 4 3 Former undesignated paragraph preceding this paragraph terminated as of July 1, 1973, pursuant to section 9 of Public Law 85–62, June 27, 1957 (71 Stat. 208), as last amended by section 103 of Public Law 92–129, September 28, 1971 (85 Stat. 355).
The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was passed by Congress on September 16, 1940, establishing the first peacetime conscription in United States history. It required all men between the ages of 18 to 64 to register with Selective Service. It originally conscripted all men aged 21 to 35 for a service period of 12 months.
Update, April 27, 2017: Since this article was published in June 2016, the military policy bill was restructured and the language requiring women to register for selective service was removed.
Women have never been required to register with the Selective Service (because they have not been eligible to serve in combat roles), but in April 2016, amidst a debate about a recent policy ...
The Selective Service Act of 1917 or Selective Draft Act (Pub.L. 65–12, 40 Stat. 76, enacted May 18, 1917) authorized the United States federal government to raise a national army for service in World War I through conscription.