The laws that enforced segregation in the south were the Jim Crow laws. The laws earned the name "Jim Crow" from a black character in the minstrel shows. States, such as Texas, Mississippi, Oklahoma, California and North... More »

With the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, the U.S. Supreme Court enshrined the doctrine of "separate but equal" into American law, explains the American Association of Community Colleges. This doctrine led to the rise of ... More »

Apartheid was created as a means of cementing economic and social control over South Africa and its resources. The country was colonized by the English and the Dutch in the 17th century. Yet, when gold was discovered in ... More »

In the 1930s, segregation in America was reversed in the federal government thanks to Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration, and many African American leaders were asking blacks to focus on helping themselves; however, ... More »

One prominent example of racial segregation in the United States was the Jim Crow laws, a series of policies in effect from 1876 to 1965. Jim Crow laws segregated people of color from whites in housing, jobs, schools, pu... More »

The broad category of Jim Crow laws includes the prohibition of interracial marriage and laws enforcing the "separate but equal" doctrine that prevented racial integration in public places, such as restaurants, and requi... More »

The Jim Crow laws legally segregated blacks from whites in the southern United States, from the Reconstruction period following the Civil War until the 1950s and 1960s, when they were repealed. Although the laws guarante... More »