Sea sponges are bottom-dwelling, multi-cellular animals. Most sea sponges attach themselves to the ocean floor, other sea animals or rocks for the duration of their lives. A small number of sea sponges are mobile creatures that move along the ocean floor at the rate of ...
Most sea sponges are detrivorous, meaning they consume organic debris and various microbes that drift through ocean currents. Harp sponges, however, are carnivorous and use hooks located on their arms to catch shrimp and other small animals.
The scientific name of the sea sponge is Porifera. The sea sponge's scientific name refers to something having pores, and sea sponges have many small pores known as ostia.
Sea sponges reproduce asexually by budding and sexually by releasing male gametes into the water. These gametes are taken in by other sponges, which then produce blastulas that are also released into the water. Budding can be external or internal. Internal budding is re...
Only about 30 percent of the Earth's surface is dry land, oceans make up the remaining 70 percent. Earth's oceans are home to hundreds of thousands of marine life forms, but because most of the ocean depths remain unexplored, hundreds of thousands or even millions of un...
The sponge's adaptations include being an excellent filter feeder. Because a sponge is sessile, its body is full of pores that allow water rich with nutrients such as plankton to enter its body cavity. Once there, the plankton is filtered out, and the water is expelled.
The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean that separates northeastern Africa from Asia minor. Specifically, the Red Sea borders Saudi Arabia and Yemen on its eastern shore and Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti on its western shore. The Red Sea has one of the highest ...