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Key Difference – Oligodendrocytes vs Schwann Cells Neuroglia or glial cells are nonneuronal cells which support the function of central and peripheral nervous systems.These cells protect neurons and prevent the loss of signals during the transmission through neurons.Glial cells surround neurons and form insulating layers around the axons.There are different types of glial cells.


Similarities Between Schwann Cell and Oligodendrocyte. Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes are two types of glial cells found in the nervous system of higher vertebrates. The main function of both Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes is to insulate the axons of the nerve cells.


Schwann Cells and Oligodendrocytes perform essentially the same function (mylenation of axons). The major difference between them is their location. Schwann cells myelinate axons in the peripheral nervous system, while Oligodendrocytes myelinate a...


Oligodendrocytes (from Greek, meaning 'cells with a few branches'), or oligodendroglia, are a type of neuroglia whose main functions are to provide support and insulation to axons in the central nervous system of some vertebrates, equivalent to the function performed by Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system.Oligodendrocytes do this by creating the myelin sheath, which is 80% lipid...


Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells are types of glia , the non-neuronal cells in the nervous system that carry out a wide variety of functions. Schwann cells are sometimes called neurilemma cells, since the outer layer of the myelin sheath is also called the neurilemma. Let's go through a list of t


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Unlike oligodendrocytes Schwann cells can only myelinate one axon. But the number of Schwann cells it takes to myelinate an axon depends on the axon length as a Schwann cell only myelinates one ...


Oligodendrocytes main function is the insulation of the axons exclusively in the central nervous system of the higher vertebrates, a function performed by Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system.