The Russian Federation is a developing country, as stated by the International Statistical Institute. According to the standards set by the World Bank, a developing country is a nation with a lower standard of living and a gross national income of $11,905 or less per capita.
Russia is in both Europe and Asia, spanning the continental divide marked by the Ural Mountains and covering about 17 million miles. Approximately three-quarters of Russia is in Asia, expanding east from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. European Russia is west of the Ural Mountains.
The Russian Federation shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, Mongolia and North Korea. Russia is located where eastern Europe meets Asia.
India is surrounded by a total of six countries in its South Asian location, including Pakistan, Burma, China, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. These countries mostly border India in northern directions, as the east, west and south are largely encompassed by water.
The countries that are immediately on the border of France are Germany, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Italy and Andorra. France also has a total of 2,130 miles of coastline facing the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Spain is surrounded by France, Gibraltar, Portugal and Morocco. Andorra, one of the tiniest countries in the world, is located on the mountainous border between Spain and France. Gibraltar is considered an overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
Italy shares borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. It also shares borders with the microstates San Marino and Vatican City, both of which it completely surrounds.
Russia is a democracy with a very strong presidency. The Communist Party lost power and the country began holding democratic elections in 1991.
Russia's main allies are India, China, Belarus, Iran and Syria.
People have lived in the area that is modern-day Russia for as long as 1.5 million years. However, until the ninth century, these people composed a loose collection of cities and nomadic tribes rather than a unified nation. The earliest steps toward Russian unification began in 862.