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Because legions were not permanent units until the Marian reforms (c. 107 BC), and were instead created, used, and disbanded again, several hundred legions were named and numbered throughout Roman history. To date, about 50 have been identified. The republican legions were composed of levied men that paid for their own equipment and thus the structure of the Roman army at this time reflected ...


The legions were numbered, but the numbers tended to repeat themselves. At one point, there were 5 legions numbered III. If a legion was destroyed, its number could not be used again, such as the case of the massacre of legions XVII, XVIII, and XIX. Each legion had about 5,500 men. The legion was subdivided into ten units called cohorts.


The Structure and Ranks of a Roman Legion. Introduction to a Roman legion. T he main fighting unit of the Roman army was the legion. During the first three centuries of the empire the army contained between 25 and 34 legions. Each legion was made up of about 5000 men recruited from the citizens. Although the soldiers of the legion were Roman ...


The complete history of every Imperial Roman legion and what it achieved as a fighting force, by an award-winning historian. Featuring more than 150 maps, photographs, diagrams and battle plans, Legions of Rome is an essential read for ancient history enthusiasts, military history experts and general readers alike.


However, while the structure of the legions remained much the same, their make-up gradually changed. Whereas early Republican legions had been raised by a draft from eligible Roman citizens, imperial legions were recruited solely on a voluntary basis and from a much wider base of manpower.


The organization and structure of the Imperial Roman Army, the Legion, the Praetorians, the Vigiles, the Navy, the Urban Cohort and the Auxiliaries.


Another incident in 9 A.D., where three Roman legions were slaughtered by the Germanic tribes in the ambush of Teutoburg forest, a loss too overwhelming. In 107 B.C., the Marian reforms gave birth to the initial and basic structure and ranks of the Roman army.


The early Roman Manipular Legion, used from the fourth century B.C. until the Marian Reforms of 107 B.C., was the largest and most basic unit of the army’s composition. The Roman Army consisted of four Legions, each with the strength of roughly 4200 infantrymen. Typically, each of Rome’s two ...


Strategy and Tactics. Any army relies on smart strategies and quick battlefield tactics to overcome their enemy. The Roman Army possessed incredibly skilled commanders, and their superior tactics won them countless battles.


Infographic illustrating the structure of the Roman Army. Originally created as a video installation for the Vindolanda Museum at Hadrian's Wall on the English / Scottish border. Exhibition design ...