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www.reference.com/article/causes-hypertension-fbc56722e7f5f4e7

WebMD lists the causes of hypertension as smoking, lack of physical activity, alcoholism, excessive salt in the diet, being overweight, stress, old age, genetics, adrenal and thyroid disorders and chronic kidney disease. Causes of essential hypertension are unknown, whi...

www.reference.com/article/effects-hypertension-8e63cfb97f3d11eb

Effects of hypertension, or high blood pressure, include narrowing and damaging of arteries, stroke, heart failure and dementia, which is a brain disease characterized by problems in reasoning, speaking or movement, states Mayo Clinic. This condition can also cause sexu...

www.reference.com/article/symptoms-hypertension-f29b1b90b965eb8e

Most of the patients who suffer from mild to moderate hypertension experience little to no symptoms, according to WebMD. Patients with severe high blood pressure may experience headaches, fatigue, vision problems, chest pain, irregular heartbeat and blood in the urine.

www.reference.com/article/essential-hypertension-131842aa6ccf3b94

Essential hypertension, which is also called primary hypertension, is high blood pressure in which the exact cause is unknown, as explained by Mayo Clinic. Essential hypertension can develop slowly over time. In the United States, approximately 95 percent of all high bl...

www.reference.com/article/treat-hypertension-8edbf744399a4b9b

Common ways of treating hypertension include eating healthily, quitting smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol, losing weight and exercising, according to WebMD. Reducing sodium intake, avoiding stress and cutting back on caffeine are other common ways, notes Mayo Clinic.

www.reference.com/article/health-risks-associated-benign-hypertension-ac6293b4c45c5249

Benign hypertension is a misnomer for primary hypertension, or high blood pressure, according to MDGuidelines. Although primary hypertension often does not cause symptoms in its early years, it is a "silent killer" due to subtle, progressing effects. These begin with he...

www.reference.com/article/signs-symptoms-hypertension-9261023745ea5891

Signs and symptoms of hypertension include high blood pressure readings and, in extreme cases, irregular heartbeats, headache, chest pain, shortness of breath, vision problems, blood in the urine, confusion and pounding in the neck, ears or chest, notes WebMD. Most peop...