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Home treatment is the first step to treating edema, or swelling due to excess fluid in the legs and ankles. Treatment may include elevating the feet above heart level, wearing compression stockings and exercising the legs, according to MedlinePlus. Reducing sodium in the diet, losing weight and avoi


There are multiple reasons a person's leg swells below the knee or in any area, notes Healthgrades. Mild swelling is very commonly caused by standing for long periods, while leg swelling that is chronic is often a sign of a serious health condition, such as congestive heart failure.


If a swollen leg does not require immediate medical attention, Mayo Clinic recommends resting the leg in an elevated position, using a pillow under the leg. Moving around instead of standing or sitting for long periods is also beneficial for reducing leg swelling. MedlinePlus suggests wearing suppor


Ankle swelling can be caused by pregnancy complications, lymphedema, venous insufficiency, a medication side effect or kidney disease, among many other possible factors. An injury such as an ankle sprain can also cause swelling to the ankle.


Venous insufficiency, a blood clot, lymphedema, and heart, kidney or liver disease can all cause swollen ankles, according to WebMD. Side effects from certain medications, infections, foot and ankle injuries, and complications from pregnancy often cause ankles to swell.


Whereas treatment for swollen ankles usually can be handled at home, emergency medical care should be sought out if the swollen ankles are due to preeclampsia, liver or kidney failure, abscesses, congestive heart failure or fracture, as MedicineNet.com points out. Appropriate treatment for swollen a


According to WebMD, swollen ankles commonly occur when a person stands or walks a lot, but if swollen ankles persist or are accompanied by other symptoms, they could be an indication of a serious health problem, such as pregnancy complications, foot or ankle injury, lymphedema and venous insufficien


A swollen knee is a minor, yet common injury people sometimes endure, and simple and efficient treatments include, rest, ice, compression, elevation and over-the-counter medication, recommends WebMD. In more serious cases where pain persists, you may go see your doctor and ask for a stronger prescri


The most common causes of swollen knees are injuries, including broken bones and torn ligaments, according to Mayo Clinic. Injuries damage the knees, leading to accumulation of too much fluid in or around the knee joint. Certain diseases and conditions can also bring about swollen knees.


Sodium can cause swollen legs and ankles, according to Healthline. A diet with a high salt content can worsen edema, which is swelling that occurs when the body retains fluid. Edema is commonly a symptom of some other condition, such as pregnancy, varicose veins or kidney disease.