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The brachial artery is the major blood vessel of the (upper) arm. It is the continuation of the axillary artery beyond the lower margin of teres major muscle.It continues down the ventral surface of the arm until it reaches the cubital fossa at the elbow.It then divides into the radial and ulnar arteries which run down the forearm.In some individuals, the bifurcation occurs much earlier and ...


The brachial artery is a major blood vessel located in the upper arm and is the main supplier of blood to the arm and hand. The brachial artery continues from the axillary artery at the shoulder ...


Brachial artery. The brachial artery, which is the continuation of the axillary artery, terminates in the cubital fossa by dividing into the radial and ulnar arteries.The profunda brachii accompanying the radial nerve is one of its major branches. The lower part of the brachial artery can be damaged in supracondylar fractures of the humerus especially in children.


Additional symptoms for brachial artery obstruction include sensitivity to cold, discoloration as fingers turn pale or blue, lack of pulse in the wrist, bluish or slow-growing finger nails, arm hair reduction, and a loss of muscle strength.


Essentially, right subclavian artery originates from the brachiocephalic artery, but in 0.4-1.8% of the general population it may arise directly from the aortic arch distal to the left subclavian artery 13), 14), 15). Aberrant right subclavian artery on its way to the right arm crosses the midline posterior to esophagus.


The brachial artery (Fig. 525) commences at the lower margin of the tendon of the Teres major, and, passing down the arm, ends about 1 cm. below the bend of the elbow, where it divides into the radial and ulnar arteries. At first the brachial artery lies medial to the humerus; but as it runs down the arm it gradually gets in front of the bone, and at the bend of the elbow it lies midway ...


The brachial artery may diverge from its usual course along the medial aspect of the biceps and run more medially towards the medial epicondyle of the humerus. In this case, the brachial artery passes posterior to the supracondylar process of the humerus before running through, or posterior to, the pronator teres muscle.


Brachial artery and its branches supply oxygenated blood to the arm and hand. Compared to other major arteries in the body, brachial artery is superficially located. Due to its superficial location, brachial artery is prone to injuries. Brachial artery injury is commonly associated with fracture of the humerus bone, commonly known as arm bone.


The brachial artery stems from the axillary artery and moves along the humerus (upper arm bone) down to the elbow. It gives rise to the deep brachial artery, which curves around the back of the humerus to supply blood to the triceps muscles. Shorter branches pass into various other muscles on the front of the upper arm, and others descend down ...


The brachial artery continues down the medial and anterior sides of the humerus and ends just distal to the elbow, supplying the anterior flexor muscles of the brachium along the way. The brachial artery is the most common site of blood pressure measurement, using an inflatable cuff that encircles the arm and compresses the artery.