The processes of DNA replication, gene transcription and protein translation are simpler in prokaryotes compared to eukaryotic cells. Ongoing scientific research is continually uncovering the complexities of these proces... More » Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA

Replication is the process by which DNA is copied during mitosis and meiosis; transcription is the process by which RNA is synthesized with DNA as a template. These processes have some fundamental similarities, but they ... More »

Transcribed RNA is separated from a single strand of DNA it used as a template, then cut into pieces to be translated into proteins, while DNA that forms during DNA replication remains bound to the single strand to becom... More »

DNA replication takes place in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells and in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells, HowStuffWorks states. Reference explains that prokaryotes are organisms without a nucleus. More »

The CAAT box refers to a short consensus sequence of nucleotides in DNA that occur close to (about 80 base pairs away) the transcription start site of a gene in eukaryotes. The transcription start site of a gene is where... More » Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA

The main similarity between transcription and translation is that they are both important phases in the process of protein synthesis. Transcription is the copying of a DNA gene sequence into RNA, while translation is the... More »

The pGLO plasmid is a small circular piece of DNA that contains the gene to produce green fluorescent protein in the model organism. Within the pGLO plasmid, the gene that codes for GFP is typically linked to a gene prom... More »