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The chance that a solid renal mass is cancerous is over 80 percent, notes the Urology Care Foundation. Renal cancer is slightly more prevalent among males, and it is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common form of kidney cancer.


A renal diet is low in phosphorus, potassium, sodium and protein, describes the Medical College of Wisconsin. The renal diet balances the electrolytes and fluids of people with chronic kidney disease to limit the buildup of waste products, according to Medline Plus.


For many physicians, surgery is an option for a kidney mass at clinical stage 1, according to the American Urological Association. At this point, the mass is less than 7 centimeters. About 20 percent of stage 1 masses are benign.


Treatment for renal cancer, or cancer of the kidneys, could include several different types of surgery, such as complete or partial removal of the kidney or surgical removal of the cancer cyst itself, according to Cancer.Net. Other types of less invasive surgery used to treat kidney cancer could inc


Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, is when the kidneys shut down and require invasive treatment in order to function, reports the American Kidney Fund. Kidney failure can occur slowly over time, or it can occur almost instantly.


Symptoms of kidney failure include any changes in urination, swelling of the extremities, skin rashes and ammonia breath, according to the National Kidney Center. Other symptoms are nausea, vomiting, fatigue, trouble concentrating and feeling cold.


Renal failure is most commonly caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, and other potential causes include injuries, congenital problems and reactions to medicines, according to American Kidney Fund. Chronic kidney disease, where the kidneys are damaged but still somewhat functional, can sometimes


Renal function tests are very common, and done to measure how well an individuals kidneys are working. Some common types of renal function tests are the BUN test, creatinine blood test, creatinine urine test and creatinine clearance test, according to Medline Plus.


Symptoms of chronic renal disease include headaches, weakness, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, urine changes, nausea, decreased appetite, weight loss and hiccups, Mayo Clinic states. Chest pain and shortness of breath, respectively, are symptoms of fluid accumulation around the lining of the heart or


Renal cell cancer develops in the kidney tubules and is the most common form of kidney cancer in adults, explains eMedicineHealth. It occurs when normal kidney cells undergo a transformation and grow out of control. As the cancer cells multiply they form an abnormal mass called a malignant tumor.