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the process of dividing up the 435 memberships, or seats in the U.S. House of Representatives among the 50 states. The U.S. Census Bureau conducts the census (population count) at 10-year intervals.
The term congressional reapportionment is different from redistricting, which refers to the division of congressional districts after every state has been apportioned. Both redistricting and reapportionment impact the local state directly. Reapportionment also affects the number of electors every state receives for presidential elections.
Reapportionment Act of 1929. The Reapportionment Act of 1929 was a combination census and reapportionment bill that was passed by Congress. In the bill, a permanent method was established for apportioning the set number of 435 seats that exist in the House of Representatives today by using decennial censuses.
Apportionment is important in historical context because the census count reflects the era. Consider minorities: before 1870, apportionment for each state was based on the number of free residents, 60 percent of the number of slaves and any Native Americans not on reservations or in unsettled areas.
The Constitution requires that reapportionment or redistricting take place every ten years to offset population changes. Hallowed Heritage: The Life of Virginia | Dorothy M. Torpey A reapportionment act was therefore to be expected from the next legislature.
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Reapportionment is the process of deciding how many seats a state will have in the U.S. House of Representatives when its population changes. Redistricting is the process of deciding how areas will be divided into sections or districts based on the number of seats a state has.
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Legislative apportionment, also called legislative delimitation, process by which representation is distributed among the constituencies of a representative assembly.This use of the term apportionment is limited almost exclusively to the United States.In most other countries, particularly the United Kingdom and the countries of the British Commonwealth, the term delimitation is used.