Old World Quail and Partridge belong to the same subfamily, Perdicinae; the Old World Quail (Coturnix, Button, Rain, etc) appear as miniature versions of the larger Partridge, sharing many of the same features.
The fowl-like birds known as quail and partridge are members of the pheasant family, Phasianidae, which also includes the pheasants and peacocks. Some scientists also consider turkeys and chickens to be part of the same family. Quail are native to both the Eastern and Western hemispheres, while partridge are native only to the Eastern Hemisphere.
Partridge is a see also of quail. As nouns the difference between partridge and quail is that partridge is any bird of a number of genera in the family phasianidae'', notably in the genera ''perdix'' and ''alectoris while quail is any of various small game birds of the genera coturnix'', ''anurophasis'' or ''perdicula in the old world...
Stone partridge from Africa are smaller than a California quail, Grey/Hungarian partridge are actually pheasants, N American quail are nothing like as related to AAsian quail as are African Francolin.
With the exception of bobwhite quails, several common quail species sport plumes or crests at the tops of their heads. The blue or scaled quail, a denizen of the South and West, boasts a small white crest on his head. The Gambel's or desert quail, found in the arid areas of the Southwest, has a dark plume.
Species such as the grey partridge and the red-legged partridge are popular as game birds, and are often reared in captivity and released for the purpose of hunting. For the same reason, they have been introduced into large areas of North America.
The California Quail is a handsome, round soccer ball of a bird with a rich gray breast, intricately scaled underparts, and a curious, forward-drooping head plume. Its stiffly accented Chi-ca-go call is a common sound of the chaparral and other brushy areas of California and the Northwest.
The differences between pheasants, quails and chickens can be seen in their size and shape, as well as in their habitat and state of domestication. However, there are also big differences between species, subspecies and breeds, which complicates the matter.
Pheasants, grouse, partridges and quail all come under the umbrella of game birds. Game is any animal hunted for food or not normally domesticated. Game animals are also hunted for sport. The type and range varies in different parts of the world.
Introduced from Eurasia, the sandy-brown Chukar is a game bird that lives in high desert plains of western North America, as well as in Hawaii and New Zealand. Its namesake call echoes across dry rocky slopes. It runs and scampers up steep terrain with the agility and speed of a mountain goat, prompting hunters to nickname it the "devil bird" for the brutal chase it gives.