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There are three branches of government in the United States -- the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. Each branch puts limits on the actions of the other branches to prevent any one person or part of the government from getting too much power. This system of *checks and balances* is ...


Administration of justice is the primary function of the judiciary. However, the judiciary performs certain other function too. These functions may be judicial in character but some of these functions are non-judicial in nature. Following are some of the judicial and non-judicial functions performed by the judiciary.


Or consider the following, from Working Together to Cut Crime and Deliver Justice, the criminal justice strategic plan published in November 2007: 'The central purpose of the Criminal Justice System is to deliver an efficient, effective, accountable and fair justice process for the public.'


The judiciary (also known as the judicial system, judicature, judicial branch or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in a country, or an international community. The first legal systems of the world were set up to allow citizens to settle conflicts without violence.


The federal judiciary operates separately from the executive and legislative branches, but often works with them as the Constitution requires. Federal laws are passed by Congress and signed by the President. The judicial branch decides the constitutionality of federal laws and resolves other disputes about federal laws. However, judges depend on our government’s executive branch to enforce ...


The criminal justice system is the set of agencies and processes established by governments to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws. There is no single criminal justice system in the United States but rather many similar, individual systems.


The SAJEI is responsible for the formal training of magistrates and legal practitioners in this legislation and other areas of judicial work. Its purpose is to promote the independence, impartiality, effectiveness, accessibility and dignity of the courts by providing judicial education for judicial officers.


The main purpose of the judicial branch of the government is to interpret and exercise the law. The Supreme Court is also charged with determining the constitutionality of all laws passed by Congress. Congress is given the power by the United States Constitution to make laws.


For this purpose the judiciary can conduct judicial review over any law for determining as to whether or not it is in accordance with the letter and spirit of the constitution. In case any law is found ultra vires (unconstitutional), it is rejected by the judiciary and it becomes invalid for future. ... In a federal system, the judiciary has to ...


Judicial System Basics. The U.S. legal system is in part inherited from English common law and depends on an adversarial system of justice.In an adversarial system, litigants present their cases before a neutral party. The arguments expressed by each litigant (usually represented by lawyers) are supposed to allow the judge or jury to determine the truth about the conflict.