Elevated PSA levels can be caused by prostate cancer, an enlarged prostate, inflammation of the prostate, a urinary tract infection, advanced age and ejaculation, explains Everyday Health. Inserting a catheter into the bladder, a prostate or bladder exam, and a digital rectal exam also elevate PSA l
The prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, test measures the level of the prostate-specific antigen present in a man's bloodstream; PSA is a protein made by the prostate gland. Elevated PSA blood levels may indicate prostate cancer, though other conditions also cause high PSA levels, according to the Na
An elevated PSA level may indicate prostate cancer, enlarged prostate, or urinary tract or prostate infection, according to MedlinePlus. Patients who have recently had a urinary catheter inserted or who have had tests or procedures involving the bladder or prostate may also have an elevated PSA leve
According to the National Cancer Institute, a normal prostate-specific antigen result is generally considered to be below 4 nanograms per milliliter. Doctors often recommend a prostate biopsy for men with higher PSA levels to determine whether prostate cancer is present.
Free PSA, or prostate-specific antigen, is PSA circulating unbound and by itself within a man's body. Total PSA is the sum of unbound PSA and PSA bound to other substances circulating within a man's body, according to MedicineNet.com.
There is no normal or abnormal level of prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, in the blood, according to the National Cancer Institute. Historically, doctors consider levels of 4 nanograms per milliliter of blood to be normal.
A prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, test is intended to measures the level of PSA in the blood. Prostate-specific antigen is a protein that is produced in the prostate gland. This test is carried out by a doctor when trying to diagnose the presence of cancer.
There isn't a prostate-specific antigen level that is considered normal or abnormal, explains the National Cancer Institute. Generally, higher PSA levels increase the likelihood of prostate cancer, or if PSA results rise continuously over time, the risk for cancer also increases.
A good, or normal, prostate-specific antigen score is 4.0 nanograms per milliliter and lower, according to the National Cancer Institute. PSA levels above this amount may be indicative of potential prostate cancer.
Treatment for a high prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, result depends on a number of factors. When it leads to a diagnosis of prostate cancer, treatment options include active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy, states the American Cancer Society.