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There are two successive divisions, meiosis I and meiosis II, in which four daughter cells that have the haploid chromosome number (23 in humans) are formed. As in mitosis (somatic cell division), meiosis I and II are each divided into four phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. adj., adj meiot´ic.
Main Difference – Prophase 1 vs 2. Prophase 1 and 2 are two phases in the meiotic division of cells which produce gametes in order to carry out their sexual reproduction. Two stages of meiosis can be identified, meiosis 1 and meiosis 2. Meiosis 1 is followed by meiosis 2. Prophase 1 is the initial phase of meiosis 1 and prophase 2 is the initial phase of meiosis 2.
Prophase definition is - the initial stage of mitosis and of the mitotic division of meiosis characterized by the condensation of chromosomes consisting of two chromatids, disappearance of the nucleolus and nuclear membrane, and formation of mitotic spindle.
Prophase II, the first step of meiosis II, begins with the two daughter cells produced by the first meiotic division (see figure right). As in prophase I, the chromosomes are condensed. During this stage of spermatogenesis, the cells are called secondary spermatocytes, or during oogenesis, secondary oocytes.
Prophase Definition. Prophase is the starting stage of cell division in eukaryotes. Prophase, in both mitosis and meiosis, is recognized by the condensing of chromosomes and separation of the centrioles in the centrosome. This organelle controls the microtubules in the cell, and each centriole is one half of the organelle.
Prophase definition, the first stage of mitosis or meiosis in eukaryotic cell division, during which the nuclear envelope breaks down and strands of chromatin form into chromosomes. See more.
Prophase II synonyms, Prophase II pronunciation, Prophase II translation, English dictionary definition of Prophase II. meiosis top to bottom:In meiosis a parent cell replicates and recombines, divides once to create two daughter cells, then divides again creating four...
Define prophase. prophase synonyms, prophase pronunciation, prophase translation, English dictionary definition of prophase. n. 1. The first stage of mitosis, during which the chromosomes condense and become visible, the nuclear membrane breaks down, and the spindle apparatus...
Prophase II of meiosis is very similar to prophase of mitosis. The most noticeable difference is that prophase II occurs with a haploid number of chromosomes as opposed to the diploid number in mitotic prophase. In both animal and plant cells chromosomes may de-condense during telophase I requiring them to re-condense in prophase II.