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Production. Global wool production is about 2 million tonnes per year, of which 60% goes into apparel. Wool comprises ca 3% of the global textile market, but its value is higher owing to dying and other modifications of the material.


Where production systems are advanced, the wool is rigorously tested to determine properties and different grades are packed separately. The micron range of the wool fibre typically defines the product application it is used for. Wool used in apparel is typically finer than wool used in interior textiles.


Australian wool accounts for approximately one-fourth of the world's production. What for centuries was a small home-based craft has grown into a major industry. The annual global output is now estimated at 5.5 billion pounds.


Wool production in the United States has declined by more than 60% since the late 1980s—however, the wool industry in the US is currently undergoing a revival, bouncing back from a period of lowered demand and fierce competition against synthetic materials.


Australia is the highest wool producing country in the world.It is responsible for the production of 25% of the world’s wool. According to the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources in Australia, the amount of wool produced in Australia in the year 2015-2016 was worth approximately $3 billion.


Medium wool sheep Medium wool sheep, raised more for meat than fiber, produce the lightest weight, least valuable fleeces. Medium wool is usually made into blankets, sweaters, or socks or it is felted. According to the I.W.T.O., 22 percent of world wool production is classified as medium wools. Fine wool sheep


(a) Merino wool: It is mostly collected from best quality Merino sheep. It is a long staple variety and mostly used for high quality, costly wool production. Merino sheep develop in the drier and high altitude temperate regions. Merino wool con­tributes more than 30% of world wool production. (b) Cross-breed wool:


The first step in processing wool is shearing. 2. Next, the wool must be washed; in order to remove grease and other impurities the wool could have accumulated while being out in the feedlot. · This is done by the wool being moved through a series of tubs, which are filled with soapy water.


Wool comes from sheep. They grow a wool coat and once a year this wool coat is sheared off the animal. In Wisconsin, this is frequently done in the early spring shortly before they have their lambs. A shorn ewe will be more likely to stay out of the wind and bad weather and protect her new-born lamb if she does not have a thick wool coat on her. 2.