Proactive interference causes people to forget knowledge and ideas that have been learned recently because of interference from old memories. On the other hand, retroactive interference occurs when recently learned infor... More »

There are four major reasons that people forget information: storage failure, interference, retrieval failure and motivated forgetting. According to most of these explanations, forgetfulness can result due to the way inf... More »

There are four major reasons that people forget information: storage failure, interference, retrieval failure and motivated forgetting. According to most of these explanations, forgetfulness can result due to the way inf... More »

The primary difference between maturation and learning is that maturation takes place with time, while learning occurs when a person acquires knowledge or experience. Another primary distinction is that maturation is a r... More »

Individualism focuses on empowering people through individual rights, but collectivism focuses on empowering people through collective rights. Individualists argue that self-reliance should be emphasized. Collectivists a... More »

Latent content and manifest content are two concepts introduced by Sigmuend Freud to help people understand the meaning of their dreams. The manifest content is the parts of a dream that people remember, or the story lin... More »

People talk to themselves to reinforce thought by externalizing it, improve their memories and encourage themselves while performing difficult tasks. However, when self-talk becomes obsessive and continues in situations ... More »