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Common causes of foot swelling include pregnancy complications, foot injury and lymphedema, according to WebMD. Causes of leg swelling include leg tissue inflammation and fluid buildup in the legs, according to Mayo Clinic.


Swelling of the legs after surgery is called lymphedema, and it is caused by a build-up of fluids in the fatty tissue just under the skin, notes the American Cancer Society. Lymphadema affects up to 80 percent of patients after surgery, according to American Family Physician.


Swelling of the lower legs is common in older adults and is sometimes associated with minor problems, but other potential causes are heart, kidney or liver failure, reports MedlinePlus. For minor problems, elevating the legs or avoiding prolonged standing in the same position often brings relief.


A swollen lower limb is often due to deep vein thrombosis or lymphedema, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Lymphedema occurs when the body's lymph drainage system fails to function properly.


Fluid buildup or inflammation may cause pain and swelling in the left leg, explains Mayo Clinic. Fluid buildup in the leg is called peripheral edema and it has various potential causes, including conditions of the lymphatic and circulatory systems. Inflammation may result from rheumatoid arthritis,


Compression stockings, elevation and physical therapy are three remedies for swelling in the leg after a surgical procedure. Swelling is generally the result of fluid amassing in tissues, and these remedies help send the fluid back to the bloodstream, according to Caring.com.


The ability of medication to help reduce swelling in the ankles and feet depends crucially on the cause of that swelling, as MedicineNet.com points out. Swelling caused by infection may be treated by antibiotics, and swelling caused by gout or congestive heart failure may also be treated with medica


Swelling can be localized or affect the whole body, according to WebMD. Causes of localized body swelling include injury, inflammation, burns, infections under the skin or in a joint, and insect bites. Certain medications, allergens, circulation problems and autoimmune diseases may cause generalized


Generalized swelling can be treated by resting the affected area as much as possible and elevating it above the level of the heart during times of relaxation, according to WebMD. It also helps to apply ice to the area, avoid eating to much sodium and remain hydrated with water.


Physicians diagnose the cause of leg pain and swelling by conducting a physical exam, evaluating medical and family history of patients, and analyzing test results, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Physicians may also refer patients to a neurologist or sleep specialist if l