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www.reference.com/article/treat-postoperative-gas-pains-719c1774d4ce730b

Chewing gum after surgery speeds resolution of gas pain, according to WebMD. The digestive system effectively shuts down during surgery, especially if abdominal organs are involved. Patients who chew gum, which stimulates saliva production, experience faster return of n...

www.reference.com/article/treatment-postoperative-ileus-fa5e1a1c5fbd6466

Immediate relief from the symptoms of postoperative ileus is provided with intravenous hydration and the use of a nasogastric tube to reduce swelling and vomiting, reports Medscape. Long-term treatment of ileus requires management of electrolyte and acid-base balances, ...

www.reference.com/article/postoperative-ileus-life-threatening-7a84b9326aaf7283

Untreated postoperative ileus can lead to life-threatening infections of the intestines or death of intestinal tissue, according to Healthline. However, with timely medical attention at the first sign of blockage, the condition is treatable.

www.reference.com/article/different-types-anesthesia-f9d974fb6b264a1d

Some types of anesthesia are local, general and regional anesthesia. Regional anesthesia includes peripheral nerve blocks, and epidural and spinal anesthesia, according to WebMD. The anesthesiologist decides which type to use, based on a patient’s health, type of proced...

www.reference.com/history/invented-anesthesia-57315839655da12d

William Morton first demonstrated the use of ether as an anesthetic, but no one knows who actually invented anesthesia. After Morton's demonstration at Massachusetts General Hospital, several people came forward claiming they had discovered anesthesia much earlier.

www.reference.com/article/anesthesia-invented-b4547146b0befe93

According to the History of Anaesthesia Society, anesthesia was first used in the 13th century by Theodoric of Lucca. This Italian physician used sponges soaked in opium to relieve pain during surgery.

www.reference.com/article/postoperative-protocol-hammer-toe-surgery-c022bb43cb81a524

After hammer toe surgery, patients are often discharged the same day and given specific self-care guidelines to follow at home, explains MedlinePlus. These guidelines include using pillows to keep the leg propped up and only getting up to use the restroom for the first ...