India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. India follows the dual polity system, i.e. a double government (federal in nature) that consists of the central authority at the centre and states at the periphery.
Structure of State Government of India The state legislature or the state assembly in India is headed by the chief minister of that state. The state legislature is divided into two parts namely the vidhan sabha and the vidhan parishad.
In brief political structure up to 1947 did not change much in India. It basically remained the same, though at times more attention was paid to one aspect of life than to the other. Colonial system was the guiding principle of political arrangement and the basic structure of new constitution still inherits much from die past.
India has a three-tier tax structure, wherein the constitution empowers the union government to levy income tax, tax on capital transactions (wealth tax, inheritance tax), sales tax, service tax, customs and excise duties and the state governments to levy sales tax on intrastate sale of goods, tax on entertainment and professions, excise duties ...
India is the world’s largest democracy and has the largest written constitution in the world. India’s political system is a lot more recent than that of US and Britain owing to the fact that it got independence in the year 1947. The political system of India is complex and has many levels of hierarchy.
The Constitution was framed keeping in mind the socioeconomic progress of the country. India follows a parliamentary form of democracy and the government is federal in structure. In Indian political system, the President is the constitutional head of the executive of the Union of India.
India’s political structure. India is a parliamentary democracy. It has an upper and lower house. The president is the head of state. The prime minister is the head of the government. In this system, eligible candidates take part in general elections every five years.
In July 2008, when a key UPA coalition partner, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) – CPI(M), would not support the government’s proposed nuclear deal with the USA, the government narrowly survived a vote of confidence (275:256 votes, 11 abstentions), largely due to the support of a non-coalition member, the Samajwadi Party.
Unlike the American political system and the British political system which essentially have existed in their current form for centuries, the Indian political system is a much more recent construct dating from India's independence from Britain in 1947.
NEW DELHI: India has conveyed to the US that it should not withdraw its troops from Afghanistan without putting in place an elected "political structure" to govern the country, official sources ...