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www.reference.com/article/mesothelioma-cancer-e95aa1cbdc132adf

Mesothelioma cancer, also known as malignant mesothelioma, is a cancer that starts as a tumor in the mesothelium, which is a protective tissue lining that covers certain areas in the body, according to the American Cancer Society. There is a significant link between mesothelioma cancer and asbestos

www.reference.com/article/survival-rate-mesothelioma-82be97e14be925df

The survival rate for mesothelioma in stage I is 21 months, stage II is 19 months, stage III is 16 months and stage IV is 12 months, according to the American Cancer Society. It is important to note that survival rates are based on median survival.

www.reference.com/article/life-span-someone-diagnosed-mesothelioma-2cc0283446ba4a05

According to the American Cancer Society, the prognosis for a person diagnosed with mesothelioma depends upon the type, location, stage and treatment. As with most forms of cancer, the earlier it is detected, the better the chances of survival. However, with mesothelioma, even when diagnosis is made

www.reference.com/article/function-pleural-fluid-45c205db5efa9274

Pleural fluid prevents friction between the lungs and the chest cavity during respiration, and is found in a thin space between two layers of tissue. The tissues surrounding the lungs produce the fluid that rhythmically ebbs and flows in the small pleural space.

www.reference.com/article/mesothelioma-caused-exposure-asbestos-2ee6c18232bdeeb5

Asbestos exposure causes mesothelioma, according to the Mesothelioma Cancer Alliance. Asbestos fibers are inhaled through the nose and mouth and can become embedded in the lining of the lungs, which harms the pleura and results in mesothelioma.

www.reference.com/article/pleural-effusion-ac5b9d938c863ebc

Pleural effusion is a medical condition in which too much fluid builds up behind the pleura. These are the spaces between the membranes that encase the lungs. It is normal to have some fluid in these spaces, but when symptoms like shortness of breath arise, medical help should be sought.

www.reference.com/article/pleural-effusion-treated-e792e434973dc7cc

Pleural effusion can often be treated by addressing the underlying cause or condition, such as with antibiotics or diuretics, according to WebMD. Large, infected or inflamed pleural effusions may require additional drainage to prevent complications, such as with a chest tube or a pleural drain.

www.reference.com/article/pleural-effusion-drained-1622f8c08549603d

Doctors drain pleural effusion by drawing out the fluid through a needle, a procedure known as thoracentesis, or by installing tubes for drainage, a procedure known as a tube thoracostomy, explains Cleveland Clinic. Medications such as diuretics may be used to remove pleural effusion if it is due to

www.reference.com/science/apical-pleural-scarring-9ff7b6ecfef858c3

Apical pleural scarring is the result of a thickening of the membrane that covers the lungs, according to Radiopaedia.org. The causes of this thickening include asbestos exposure, a secondary infection due to pulmonary tuberculosis and radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis. There is no known cure for

www.reference.com/world-view/apical-pleural-thickening-13da5f8a4bf68b7c

According to Northwestern Health Sciences University, apical pleural thickening is a condition of the lungs where the pleural membrane (the area around the lungs) of the apical region (the rounded top of the lungs) becomes thicker, making normal respiration difficult. With this condition, it is very