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Mesothelioma cancer, also known as malignant mesothelioma, is a cancer that starts as a tumor in the mesothelium, which is a protective tissue lining that covers certain areas in the body, according to the American Cancer Society. There is a significant link between mesothelioma cancer and asbestos


The survival rate for mesothelioma in stage I is 21 months, stage II is 19 months, stage III is 16 months and stage IV is 12 months, according to the American Cancer Society. It is important to note that survival rates are based on median survival.


According to the American Cancer Society, the prognosis for a person diagnosed with mesothelioma depends upon the type, location, stage and treatment. As with most forms of cancer, the earlier it is detected, the better the chances of survival. However, with mesothelioma, even when diagnosis is made


Pleural fluid prevents friction between the lungs and the chest cavity during respiration, and is found in a thin space between two layers of tissue. The tissues surrounding the lungs produce the fluid that rhythmically ebbs and flows in the small pleural space.


Asbestos exposure causes mesothelioma, according to the Mesothelioma Cancer Alliance. Asbestos fibers are inhaled through the nose and mouth and can become embedded in the lining of the lungs, which harms the pleura and results in mesothelioma.


Pleural effusion is a medical condition in which too much fluid builds up behind the pleura. These are the spaces between the membranes that encase the lungs. It is normal to have some fluid in these spaces, but when symptoms like shortness of breath arise, medical help should be sought.


Pleural effusion can often be treated by addressing the underlying cause or condition, such as with antibiotics or diuretics, according to WebMD. Large, infected or inflamed pleural effusions may require additional drainage to prevent complications, such as with a chest tube or a pleural drain.


Doctors drain pleural effusion by drawing out the fluid through a needle, a procedure known as thoracentesis, or by installing tubes for drainage, a procedure known as a tube thoracostomy, explains Cleveland Clinic. Medications such as diuretics may be used to remove pleural effusion if it is due to


Apical pleural scarring is the result of a thickening of the membrane that covers the lungs, according to Radiopaedia.org. The causes of this thickening include asbestos exposure, a secondary infection due to pulmonary tuberculosis and radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis. There is no known cure for


According to Northwestern Health Sciences University, apical pleural thickening is a condition of the lungs where the pleural membrane (the area around the lungs) of the apical region (the rounded top of the lungs) becomes thicker, making normal respiration difficult. With this condition, it is very