Plants adapt to the environment by modifying their leaves, stem and roots. Desert plants such as the cactus modify their leaves into thorns to prevent loss of moisture through transpiration. Plants such as the lotus grow... More »

Some butterflies adapt to their environment by altering their diet and appearance, thereby making themselves less desirable and protecting themselves from predators. Butterflies also adapt to climate changes by shifting ... More »

Organisms have the ability to adapt to specific conditions within their environments through the biological process of variation, which enhance organisms' chances of survival. Variation is essentially a form of natural s... More »

The National Snow and Ice Data Center explains that different species of plants adapt to cold weather in a variety of ways, such as growing in forms that shed snow readily or by retaining dead leaves to help insulate the... More »

The process of transpiration is when water moves through plants from the roots to the leaves, then changes to vapor as it leaves the plant. Transpiration cools the plant and also provides it with nutrients, carbon dioxid... More »

A taproot is a large main root that comes off of the stem and has many smaller lateral roots; a fibrous root system has many roots of the same size that break off into small lateral roots. Dandelions, poison ivy and carr... More »

In contrast to primary growth, which makes a plant’s stem grow taller and its roots grow longer, secondary growth makes a plant grow wider. Primary growth occurs only through a plant’s shoot apical meristems, located at ... More »