Plants adapt to the environment by modifying their leaves, stem and roots. Desert plants such as the cactus modify their leaves into thorns to prevent loss of moisture through transpiration. Plants such as the lotus grow... More »

The Aztecs adapted to their surrounding environment in several ways, including making floating gardens to enable agricultural production on water surfaces, building canoes and creating dikes. The Aztecs lived in a swampy... More »

Some butterflies adapt to their environment by altering their diet and appearance, thereby making themselves less desirable and protecting themselves from predators. Butterflies also adapt to climate changes by shifting ... More »

The National Snow and Ice Data Center explains that different species of plants adapt to cold weather in a variety of ways, such as growing in forms that shed snow readily or by retaining dead leaves to help insulate the... More »

The process of transpiration is when water moves through plants from the roots to the leaves, then changes to vapor as it leaves the plant. Transpiration cools the plant and also provides it with nutrients, carbon dioxid... More »

A taproot is a large main root that comes off of the stem and has many smaller lateral roots; a fibrous root system has many roots of the same size that break off into small lateral roots. Dandelions, poison ivy and carr... More »

A rhizome is a horizontal stem of a plant that forms new roots and shoots. Many invasive plants form rhizomes, making them difficult to eradicate. When cut from the parent plant, the rhizome forms a new plant, unlike man... More »