Plants adapt to the environment by modifying their leaves, stem and roots. Desert plants such as the cactus modify their leaves into thorns to prevent loss of moisture through transpiration. Plants such as the lotus grow... More »

Giraffes have adapted to their environment over the years by growing long necks to reach the vegetation found in tall trees where they live. Giraffes have also adapted to their environment by being able to drink 12 gallo... More »

The Aztecs adapted to their surrounding environment in several ways, including making floating gardens to enable agricultural production on water surfaces, building canoes and creating dikes. The Aztecs lived in a swampy... More »

The National Snow and Ice Data Center explains that different species of plants adapt to cold weather in a variety of ways, such as growing in forms that shed snow readily or by retaining dead leaves to help insulate the... More »

The process of transpiration is when water moves through plants from the roots to the leaves, then changes to vapor as it leaves the plant. Transpiration cools the plant and also provides it with nutrients, carbon dioxid... More »

A taproot is a large main root that comes off of the stem and has many smaller lateral roots; a fibrous root system has many roots of the same size that break off into small lateral roots. Dandelions, poison ivy and carr... More »

In contrast to primary growth, which makes a plant’s stem grow taller and its roots grow longer, secondary growth makes a plant grow wider. Primary growth occurs only through a plant’s shoot apical meristems, located at ... More »