The Calusa Indians lived in southwestern Florida. These Indians were some of the first that were written about by the explorers from Spain and it is believed that they could have numbered well into the thousands.
A coastal tribe in southwest Florida, the Calusa Indians primarily lived on foods that they could get from the water. They caught catfish, eels, oysters, lobsters, and other aquatic life.
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Calusa Indian Fact Sheet. Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Calusas for school or home-schooling reports. We encourage students and teachers to visit our main Calusa website for more in-depth information about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with Calusa pictures and links we believe are ...
Display depicting the Calusa Indians of Southwest Florida (known as the shell people) on display in the Bailey-Mathews Shell Museum on Sanibel Island, Oct 31, 2006; Boca Raton, FL, USA; Dr.Andrew Turkell, co-owner of Calusa Veterinary Center with one of his patients, a golden retriever named Arthur, Tuesday.
The Calusa (said to mean fierce people ) are a Native American tribe that once inhabited the southwestern coast of Florida.The Calusa are said to have been a socially complex and politically powerful tribe, and most of southern Florida was controlled by them.
Calusa, North American Indian tribe that inhabited the southwest coast of Florida from Tampa Bay to Cape Sable and Cape Florida, together with all the outlying keys. According to some authorities their territory also extended inland as far as Lake Okeechobee.Their linguistic affiliation is not certain. Their estimated population in 1650 was 3,000 living in 50 villages.
The Calusa Indians did not farm like the other Indian tribes in Florida. Instead, they fished for food on the coast, bays, rivers, and waterways. The men and boys of the tribe made nets from palm tree webbing to catch mullet, pinfish, pigfish, and catfish. They used spears to catch eels and turtles.
Culture. Early Spanish and French sources referred to the tribe, its chief town, and its chief as Calos, Calus, Caalus, and Carlos. Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, a Spaniard held captive by the Calusa in the 16th century, recorded that Calusa meant "fierce people" in their language. By the early 19th century, Anglo-Americans in the area used the term Calusa for the people.