Definition of Tin What is the definition of Tin? It is a malleable, silvery metallic element obtained chiefly from cassiterite. The Physical and Chemical Properties are the characteristics of a substance, like Tin, which distinguishes it from any other substance.. Most common substances, like Tin, exist as States of Matter as solids, liquids, gases and plasma.
Tin. Tin is a soft, pliable, silvery-white metal. Tin is not easily oxidized and resists corrosion because it is protected by an oxide film. Tin resists corrosion from distilled sea and soft tap water, and can be attacked by strong acids, alkalis and acid salts.
This WebElements periodic table page contains physical properties for the element tin
Physical properties of Tin include melting point, boiling point, mechanical strength
Physical properties The most common allotrope of tin is a silver-white metallic-looking solid known as the β-form (or "beta-form"). Allotropes are forms of an element with different physical and chemical properties.
The way to defeat 'tin pest' is to mix tin with other metals, and these days tin is mainly used to form alloys - for example bronze, pewter and solders. Since tin is the most tonally resonant of all metals it is used in bell metals and to make organ pipes, which are generally a mix of 50:50 tin and lead.
Tin shows a chemical similarity to both of its neighbors in group 14, germanium and lead, and has two main oxidation states, +2 and the slightly more stable +4. Tin is the 49th most abundant element and has, with 10 stable isotopes, the largest number of stable isotopes in the periodic table, thanks to its magic number of protons.
Properties: Tin has a melting point of 231.9681°C, boiling point of 2270°C, specific gravity (gray) of 5.75 or (white) 7.31, with a valence of 2 or 4. Tin is a malleable silvery-white metal which takes a high polish. It possesses a highly crystalline structure and is moderately ductile.
T in does not occur naturally as the free element. In studying the properties of tin and its reactions, we must first examine the main source of this element which is the mineral called cassiterite or tin stone, SnO 2, which is found as low grade ore in alluvial deposits in Malaysia, Bolivia and Indonesia.
When tin is melted, its chemical properties do not change, only its physical state is altered. This process can be reversed by physical means without involving any chemical reactions. Thus, the ...