ARTICLES

The phase shift formula for a trigonometric function, such as y = Asin(Bx - C) + D or y = Acos(Bx - C) + D, is represented as C / B. If C / B is positive, the curve moves right, and if it is negative, the curve moves lef...

www.reference.com/world-view/phase-shift-formula-acd6d4c90630acc9

To find the area under a curve using Excel, list the x-axis and y-axis values in columns A and B, respectively. Then, type the trapezoidal formula into the top row of column C, and copy the formula to all the rows in tha...

www.reference.com/world-view/area-under-curve-using-excel-5829839ac57ff2eb

A Riemann sum is a method of approximating the area under the curve of a function. It adds together a series of values taken at different points of that function and multiplies them by the intervals between points. The m...

www.reference.com/world-view/calculate-midpoint-riemann-sum-1884b3dd7d79f153

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SIMILAR ARTICLES

The main advantage of phase shift keying is that it allows data to be carried along a radio communications signal much more efficiently than with frequent shift keying. PSK is a digital modulation scheme that transports ...

While Microsoft Excel does not have a built-in function to find percentage increase between values, a user simply needs to enter the formula "=(B-A)/ABS(A)," where B is the baseline value, and A is the new value. The fun...