Common fabrics include cotton, nylon, wool and silk. Cotton, wool and silk are natural fabrics, while nylon is a synthetic fabric. Cotton comes from the cotton plant. It is durable, highly absorbent and comfortable. Cotton also wrinkles easily and has little elasticity.
A fabric is a material made of artificial or natural fibers woven together. The characteristics of fabrics depend on the fibers used and what treatment is applied to them. Treatments may include dyes, starching and formaldehyde finishes.
Fabric is a name for a textile that is a woven material made of yarn. The yarn can be made of a variety of materials, and the most common are wool, cotton and flax.
Some common terminology in the fabric industry includes "interfacing," "loft," "merino" and "wickability." Another interesting term is the word "hand," which means the way a fabric feels. "Softness," "silkiness" or "crispness" are words used to describe a particular fabric's hand.
Basic fabric properties include weight, breathability, softness and degree of waterproofing. The properties of fabrics vary depending on the specific material. Some have a wider range of properties than others, and are used for a variety of purposes such as making consumer products like clothing and
The proper way to clean fabrics depends on the fibers from which they are made, any pre-treatments by the manufacturer and the potential for color bleed. The best way to clean many fabrics is in the washing machine, but other fabrics require the special techniques used by professional cleaners.
Engineering fabrication involves cutting, joining, shaping and finishing metal to maintain, repair or make structures or product from metal. Fabricating engineers may also apply coatings and produce metal casting molds.
Some online fabric stores include Fabric.com and Fabric Depot. There is also Mood Designer Fabrics, which specializes in high-end clothing and home fabrics made by popular designers.
Felt is produced by a process that uses heat, moisture and pressure to combine a series of fibres or fur. Unlike other materials, the fibres are not woven together and are usually produced from a selection of natural (such as wool) and synthetic fibres.
When cutting a yard of fabric, the material is unrolled from the bolt, measured and cut at 36 inches or 3 feet in length. As fabrics come in varying widths, measurements only consider the length of the fabric when cutting.