The pecan tree is a large deciduous tree, growing to 20–40 m (66–131 ft) in height, rarely to 44 m (144 ft). It typically has a spread of 12–23 m (39–75 ft) with a trunk up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) diameter. A 10-year-old sapling grown in optimal conditions will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall.
The pecan weevil is the most serious late-season pest of pecan trees because it attacks the nut. Pecan weevils cause two types of damage . In the first type, weevils puncture the nuts in early August, causing the nuts to fall in the shuck after two or three days. The second type is caused by larval feeding within the nut.
How Pecans are Grown. ... Pecan Growing Season. The pecan harvest season starts in the eastern U.S. in September/October, and gradually moves westward. Some states such as Arizona may harvest as late as March. The timing depends on the weather conditions from year to year.
It's not recommended to grow these varieties in southern regions for an early harvest, since they are less resilient in southern heat. Region Since the southern, coastal and central regions of Texas have the benefit of a longer growing season, healthy pecans ripen sooner in these parts.
We recommend choosing at least one each of Type 1 and Type 2 varieties. Type 1 pecan trees shed pollen first and their flowers are receptive of pollen later in the growing season. Conversely, type 2 pecan trees are receptive to pollen first. Their pecan tree catkins shed pollen later in the season through the wind.
Prune your pecan tree during the dormant season. Remove excess branches, dead wood, low or low-hanging mature limbs during the dormant season, ideally late winter or early spring, or before new growth begins. Pruning helps the pecan trees to thrive without becoming overgrown.
Pecan production in Mississippi depends on water for irrigation and spraying more than any other single element. Pecan trees need 1 to 2 inches of rain or irrigation water per week. Two inches are recommended in late season to fill out the nuts and stimulate shuck opening.
Georgia is the nation´s leading pecan producing state. In Georgia, pecans are harvested during October and November, but are available year-round. Pecan production is centered in Dougherty County, around Albany, with orchards ranging in size from a few acres to several thousand acres.
A mature pecan tree stands about 150 feet tall with a spreading canopy. Pecan Planting Guide: Location and Preparation. Plant the tree in a location with soil that drains freely to a depth of 5 feet. Growing pecan trees have a long taproot that is susceptible to disease if the soil is soggy. Hilltops are ideal.
Some pecan trees will produce low-quality nuts, either because of a poor growing season, low quality soil and nutrients, or it is simply a product of a poor genetic background. Some examples of these contributions to the nut quality are these: