The pecan tree is a large deciduous tree, growing to 20–40 m (66–131 ft) in height, rarely to 44 m (144 ft). It typically has a spread of 12–23 m (39–75 ft) with a trunk up to 2 m (6.6 ft) diameter. A 10-year-old sapling grown in optimal conditions will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall.
Establish the fact that the nuts your target tree are bearing are worth the efforts you will put forth. Some pecan trees will produce low-quality nuts, either because of a poor growing season, low quality soil and nutrients, or it is simply a product of a poor genetic background.
Growing pecans requires patience and a long-term commitment. Pecan trees, however, can grow and produce quality nuts for decades with some effort and expense. There are commercial pecan plantings in North Carolina well over 75 years old and still very productive.
Pecan production in Mississippi depends on water for irrigation and spraying more than any other single element. Pecan trees need 1 to 2 inches of rain or irrigation water per week. Two inches are recommended in late season to fill out the nuts and stimulate shuck opening.
Georgia is the nation´s leading pecan producing state. In Georgia, pecans are harvested during October and November, but are available year-round. Pecan production is centered in Dougherty County, around Albany, with orchards ranging in size from a few acres to several thousand acres.
As the Southern US and Mexico prepare for a new pecan growing season; pecan growers in South Africa, Australia, Argentina, and Brazil are preparing for pecan harvest season to begin. Growers in the various regions say the crop looks pretty good.
How Pecans are Grown. ... Pecan Growing Season. The pecan harvest season starts in the eastern U.S. in September/October, and gradually moves westward. Some states such as Arizona may harvest as late as March. The timing depends on the weather conditions from year to year.
Unless the variety is a smaller nut or dwarf tree, it requires a long growing season; thus, growing pecans is limited to the American South and Southeast. Site Selection for Growing Pecans. An area with well-drained soil that is at least 4 feet (preferably 6) deep with moderate moisture retaining capacity is essential.
Since the southern, coastal and central regions of Texas have the benefit of a longer growing season, healthy pecans ripen sooner in these parts. Far-West and North Texas may be two weeks behind or more.
Early to late fall is the pecan harvesting season. This can change depending on the region the pecan trees are grown in and the specific variety of pecan tree. In the U.S., the average harvesting season for pecans is in November. It takes an average of 10 years for pecan trees to begin producing nuts if the trees are grown from a seed.