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www.reference.com/article/pathophysiology-end-stage-renal-disease-3315e9a8d7749aa8

Patients with end-stage renal disease develop uremic syndrome, and they are unable to properly regulate body fluids. Functional changes include high blood pressure, build up of toxins in the bloodstream and kidney failure. These symptoms are most prevalent in kidney-transplant patients.

www.reference.com/world-view/pathophysiology-depression-a6a8e167dafb1a23

While there is no conclusive evidence of specific pathophysiology of depression, the National Center for Biotechnology Information suggests that the bodily stress of major depressive disorder may cause minor or major physical disability. Disturbance of the central nervous system and altered hormone

www.reference.com/article/good-pathophysiology-practice-tests-8cd88ec96bc367e7

Some good pathophysiology practice tests are available at websites such as ProProfs.com and Cram.com. Students going into the health field may need to take pathophysiology courses. Pathophysiology is the study of how the function of the body or its organs physically change as the result of a disease

www.reference.com/article/causes-renal-disease-e51b39b1d1e438bd

Renal or kidney disease is caused by hypertension, both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, polycystic kidney disease, and inflammation of the kidney's tubules and filtering mechanisms, or glomeruli, says Mayo Clinic. It can also be caused by anything that obstructs the urinary tract or a condition that cau

www.reference.com/article/renal-disease-601a61e2e035dc0f

Renal disease, also known as chronic kidney disease, involves the gradual loss of kidney function, states MedlinePlus. Renal disease often goes undetected due to an absence of noticeable symptoms. When left undetected or inadequately treated, renal disease may require dialysis or a kidney transplant

www.reference.com/article/symptoms-renal-disease-f8bc09d761f9dff8

Symptoms of renal or kidney disease include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite, according to Mayo Clinic. Additional symptoms resulting from kidney disease include swelling of the feet and ankles, chest pain when fluid builds around the heart, decreased urination, high blood pr

www.reference.com/article/covered-typical-pathophysiology-course-nursing-761b51ee09268af1

Typical pathophysiology courses for nurses cover disease mechanisms, how the body responds to restore itself to health and the affect of these responses on body functions. Courses cover the causes of disease, its effects on the human body and the topic of pathogenesis, or the development of a variou

www.reference.com/article/pathophysiology-copd-39ee5253616e6cc1

The pathophysiology of COPD involves chronic inflammation of the lung tissue, which occurs when inflammatory cells, such as T-lymphocytes and neutrophils accumulate in the airways, according to About.com Health. This inflammation is a response to chronic exposure to irritants, such as cigarette smok

www.reference.com/article/pathophysiology-adenomyoma-906919cd2c9af787

The pathophysiology of adenomyosis is unclear and likely to be multifactorial, according to UnboundMedicine. One explanation for the condition is that the increased uterine pressure associated with pregnancy makes the junctional zone of the myometrium susceptible to invasion by endometrial cells.

www.reference.com/article/treatments-renal-disease-d9f98b9cda925815

Treating renal, or kidney, disease involves treating the underlying causes of the disease, which are often high blood pressure and diabetes, according to WebMD. Treatment options for kidney failure as a result of end-stage, chronic renal disease include dialysis and kidney transplants, states Mayo C