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www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/an-ob-gyn-breaks-down-exactly-what-happens...

To recap the step-by-step of what goes down during a pap smear: The OB/GYN inserts a speculum to help open the vagina, then they insert a metal spatula to gently scrape the outer cervix (the skin ...

www.cdc.gov/wtc/fs_cervical_cancer.html

When a Pap smear shows abnormal changes, further testing or follow-up is needed. The next step depends on the results of the Pap smear, your previous history of Pap smears, and risk factors you may have for cervical cancer. Your doctor will explain what this result may mean for future testing and treatment.

www.acog.org/en/Womens Health/FAQs/Your First Gynecologic Visit

The doctor will use a speculum to look at your vagina and cervix. When you have a Pap test, a sample of cells is taken from your cervix with a small brush. To check your internal organs, the doctor will place one or two gloved, lubricated fingers into the vagina and up to the cervix. The other hand will press on the abdomen from the outside.

www.bccancer.bc.ca/screening/Documents/CCSP_GuidelinesManual_PapSamplingTechnique.pdf

• Smear the sample onto the labeled slide. • Fix the sample immediately (before it is air-dried) using a cytology spray fixative. Hold the fixative 15-20 cm (6 to 8 inches) away from the slide and evenly spray the slide by depressing the plunger 2 or 3 times. (See Step 2 below). If Squamocolumnar Junction is Not Visible

papsociety.org/guidelines/Smears_handout_distribution.pdf

FNA SMEAR ARTIFACTS SKIP AND POP-OFF OPA /UCSF Two Step Technique OPA /UCSF Two Step Technique OPA /UCSF OPA /UCSF Two Step Technique Fluid Particles OPA /UCSF Two Step Technique 2ed Fluid Concentration Particles John S. Abele,MD Page 2 of 4 Smearing Techniques

emedicine.medscape.com/article/1947979-overview

The mainstay of cervical cancer screening for the last 60+ years has been the Papanicolaou test. The Papanicolaou test, also known as the Pap test or the Pap smear, was developed in the 1940s by Georgios Papanikolaou.It involves exfoliating cells from the transformation zone of the cervix to enable examination of these cells microscopically for detection of cancerous or precancerous lesions.

laboratoryinfo.com/papanicolaou-pap-staining-principle-procedure-interpretation

Objectives of PAPANICOLAOU stain. Papanicolaou described three chief objectives for staining of cytological smears: Definition of nuclear details: Because of the widespread muclear abnormalities of cancer cells and their diagnostic significance, good staining of the nucleus is of primary importance.; Transparency of cytoplasm: This is of particular importance because of the varying thickness ...

www.webmd.com/women/guide/abnormal-pap-test-results

If your Pap test results came back abnormal, you might be concerned. But an abnormal result doesn’t always mean cancer. Find out what else might be to blame.

www.healthline.com/health/do-pap-smears-hurt

A Pap smear is different than a pelvic exam, although doctors often perform Pap smears during pelvic exams.. A pelvic exam involves viewing and examining the reproductive organs — including the ...

www.cdc.gov/cancer/cervical/basic_info/test-results.htm

Two screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early—. The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately.; The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that can cause these cell changes.The Pap test is recommended for all women between the ages of 21 and 65 years old.