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Ankle swelling can be caused by pregnancy complications, lymphedema, venous insufficiency, a medication side effect or kidney disease, among many other possible factors. An injury such as an ankle sprain can also cause swelling to the ankle.


Venous insufficiency, a blood clot, lymphedema, and heart, kidney or liver disease can all cause swollen ankles, according to WebMD. Side effects from certain medications, infections, foot and ankle injuries, and complications from pregnancy often cause ankles to swell.


Whereas treatment for swollen ankles usually can be handled at home, emergency medical care should be sought out if the swollen ankles are due to preeclampsia, liver or kidney failure, abscesses, congestive heart failure or fracture, as MedicineNet.com points out. Appropriate treatment for swollen a


According to WebMD, swollen ankles commonly occur when a person stands or walks a lot, but if swollen ankles persist or are accompanied by other symptoms, they could be an indication of a serious health problem, such as pregnancy complications, foot or ankle injury, lymphedema and venous insufficien


Although a swollen ankle can be a common symptom associated with standing or walking for a long time that may not be serious, there are many other causes for this problem, including certain medications, diseases, pregnancy, ankle injury, infections, blood clot and vein problems, as specified by WebM


Icing the ankle is an efficient method of treating a swollen ankle, according to WebMD. Wrapping the ankle with an elastic bandage helps reduce swelling and holds the ankle in place for the healing process to begin.


Elevating the feet, wearing support stockings, reducing salt intake and taking certain medications help to reduce swelling in ankles. Edema is an abnormal accumulation of fluids in the feet, ankles and lower legs that is responsible for the swelling, according to MedlinePlus.


Causes of swollen ankles or feet include congestive heart failure, pregnancy, injury to the ankle or foot, kidney disease and sitting or being on one's feet for a long time, according to WebMD. If the person's ankles swell in the evening, it could also be a sign the body is retaining salt.


Home treatment is the first step to treating edema, or swelling due to excess fluid in the legs and ankles. Treatment may include elevating the feet above heart level, wearing compression stockings and exercising the legs, according to MedlinePlus. Reducing sodium in the diet, losing weight and avoi


Swollen ankles is a symptom of kidney failure, a possible consequence of uncontrolled diabetes, reports the New York Times. Itching, fatigue and pale skin color are additional symptoms of kidney failure, which is a severe condition that requires medical attention.