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As a Harvard Ph.D. organic chemist, I believe the Oil of Vitriol in Borgias refers to morphine sulfate. The threads talk about sulfuric acid and, indeed, all sulfates are made using sulfuric acid [oil of vitriol, named for it's viscous oily properties]. The reaction of ethanol and sulfuric acid does form diethyl ether as many suggest.


Pure sulfuric acid has a vapor pressure of <0.001 mmHg at 25 °C and 1 mmHg at 145.8 °C, and 98% sulfuric acid has a <1 mmHg vapor pressure at 40 °C. Pure sulfuric acid is a viscous clear liquid, like oil, and this explains the old name of the acid ('oil of vitriol'). Commercial sulfuric acid is sold in several different purity grades.


What was the drug vitriola in the 1400's rome? it was referred to in the show The Borgias....the pope was addicted to it. ... There was also something called Blue Vitriol, which is a copper sulfate pentahydrate. ... It's no surprise then why pope Alexander VI began taking the drug (dull his pains) and why he was was filled with the holy spirit ...


Alexander VI, given name Rodrigo Borgia, Roman Catholic Pope from 1492 until his death, is the most memorable of the corrupt and secular popes of the Renaissance. He was born at Xativa, near Valencia in Spain, and his father's surname was Lanzol or Llançol; that of his mother's family, Borgia or ...


The year was 1492, and Rodrigo Borgia became Pope Alexander VI. Among the most notorious of all papacies, Borgia’s family was the inspiration for Mario Puzo’s Godfather books.


Top 10 Controversial Popes. As controversy swirls around the Catholic Church and noted atheists such as Christopher Hitchens and Richard Dawkins call for Pope Benedict XVI's arrest for "crimes against humanity," TIME takes a look at history's most scandal-ridden Pontiffs

www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/oil of vitriol

Post the Definition of oil of vitriol to Facebook Share the Definition of oil of vitriol on Twitter. Resources for oil of vitriol. Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared . Dictionary Entries near oil of vitriol. oil of hartshorn. oil of philosophers. oil of the sick. oil of vitriol. oil of wintergreen. oilometer. oil paint ...


The chemical formula for blue vitriol is CuSO4. Blue vitriol is another term for the compound copper(II) sulfate, when the compound is in its pentahydrate state. This substance can also be called bluestone. The pentahydrous state for blue vitriol is written as CuSO4·5H2O, meaning that the CuSO4 is hydrated by five water molecules.


Pope Alexander VI was in constant need of money - to support his lavish life style, to fill the coffers for his political bribes and to fund his various military campaigns. The sale of Cardinalships was a major source of cash, so too was the sale of indulgences.


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