Stretching or massaging the calf muscle may ease nocturnal leg cramps, as can applying warm water or a heating pad to the area, states WebMD. Placing an ice pack on the leg, taking an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory p... More » Health Pain & Symptoms

Nighttime leg cramps are the result of sudden muscle tightening for which the cause is not always known, according to Mayo Clinic. These harmless spasms are usually related to overuse of muscles or nerve problems. More » Health

Statin drugs that people take to lower cholesterol may cause muscle pain due to the drug’s effect on enzymes in the muscle cells. These enzymes help grow muscles, and if they are affected, they can cause crippling leg cr... More » Health Medications & Vitamins Side Effects

Home treatment for nighttime leg cramps includes stretching and massaging the affected muscle, having a warm shower, using a heating pad or applying a cold pack atop a cloth placed on the skin, says WebMD. Acetaminophen,... More » Health Conditions & Diseases Breaks & Sprains

Some of the techniques to use in preventing leg and foot cramps include massaging the legs and feet, placing an ice pack on the affected area, consuming a lot of fluids, taking a bath and putting a heat pad on the affect... More » Health Pain & Symptoms

Common causes of calf pain include calf muscle strain, leg cramps, Achilles tendonitis and Baker's cysts, as stated by Blood clots can also cause calf pain. More » Health Pain & Symptoms

The effectiveness of treatment for leg cramps depends on the underlying cause of the cramp, but most cramps respond well to self-treatment, notes WebMD. Many are also easy to prevent by drinking plenty of fluids and avoi... More » Health Pain & Symptoms