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Niacinamide is a chemical compound that can be used to treat vitamin B3 deficiency. Vitamin B3 is also known as niacin, and niacinamide is the synthesized form of niacin.


Niacinamide may be used to treat diabetes and skin conditions such as granuloma annulare and bullous pemphigoid, states WebMD, although its effectiveness has not been adequately demonstrated. Some people use this product for treating memory loss, lowering blood pressure, improving digestion and redu


Niacin supplements treat the lack of natural niacin production in the body, lower cholesterol, and decrease the risk of heart attacks in people who have already suffered them, reports Drugs.com. The FDA has approved niacin to treat pellagra, says WebMD.


Niacin helps to lower levels of LDL cholesterol, often called "bad" cholesterol, in the body and raise levels of HDL, or "good," cholesterol. Niacin, or vitamin B3, is also used to treat conditions like type 1 and type 2 diabetes.


According to WebMD, niacin may improve cholesterol levels and in turn, lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. The vitamin is also known as vitamin B3 and is an essential vitamin for overall health.


Doses of 50 milligrams or more of niacin can cause tingling in the face and chest, while significantly high doses can cause liver damage and stomach ulcers, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Niacin can raise histamine levels, making allergies worse, and decrease blood pressure.


Liver from beef, chicken or pork is rich in niacin, containing 10 to 17 milligrams per 75 gram serving. Fish and seafood such as anchovies, tuna and salmon are also high in niacin, containing 17 to 19 milligrams per 75 grams. Additionally, meat and cereal products are high in niacin.


The benefits of niacin pills include lowering cholesterol, reducing the chance of hardening arteries, lowering the risk of a second heart attack and as a treatment for pellagra, explains WebMD. Niacin is also being studied as a way to lower the risk of conditions like Alzheimer's.


Niacin has not been shown to be effective in treating type 1 or type 2 diabetes in humans, according to Mayo Clinic. While niacinamide tests with nonhuman subjects have shown it to have some effects in delaying the onset insulin dependence, human research has yielded unclear results.


The recommended dose of niacin for men is 16 milligrams per day, while most women need 14, according to WebMD. Pregnant women require 18 milligrams, and breastfeeding mothers should get 17. Children's requirements vary by age, and range between 2 and 16 milligrams.