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Abnormal pap smear results lead to D&C exams primarily in cases in which the pap test does not indicate the place from which the abnormalities originate, according to ehealthMD. Physicians use tissue collected from D&C exams to locate the abnormal cells.


Depending on their appearance, the presence of endometrial cells in a pap smear can mean nothing or it may indicate cancer, according to MedicineNet. The malignant cells often occur in older women, notes PDR Health. Hysterectomy, radiation and sometimes chemotherapy cure endometrial cancer, also kno


Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance indicates that the test revealed slightly abnormal cells that don't clearly suggest the growth of precancerous cells, reports the Mayo Clinic. The doctor might reanalyze the sample and order further testing.


The tools used for performing a Pap smear include a speculum, a plastic spatula and a small brush, according to WebMD. The sample cells are placed into a solution before being sent to the lab for testing.


The Medical Center of the University of Rochester explains that a speculum, cervical brush and a glass slide are used during a pap smear along with a preserving solution. The metal or plastic speculum is inserted into the vagina and opens the walls to make the cervix accessible to perform the test.


When preparing bacteria for observation with a microscope, heat fixing the smear on the slide kills the bacteria to stop the potential spread of disease and adheres the smear to the slide. After heat fixing, the smear is stained.


Endometrial cells are sometimes collected in a Pap test, according to the University of Chicago Medicine. Endometrial cells are found in the lining of the uterus. A Pap test is used to collect cells from the cervix and the vagina.


Are pelvic exams and pap smears necessary every year? And when should get your first exam? An OB/GYN explains. All Beauty, All the Time—For Everyone. Stocksy In This Article If your parents first sent you to an OB/GYN when you were a teenager, chances are you've been familiar with those uncomfortabl


If there's one way to get women talking about their vaginal health, this is it. Women's Health may earn commission from the links on this page, but we only feature products we believe in. Why trust us? If there's one way to get women talking about their vaginal health, this is it. We get that Pap sm


Some women worry that a pap test in early pregnancy could cause a miscarriage, but the exam is extremely unlikely to cause that sort of complication. Rachel Gurevich, RN, is a registered nurse, fertility advocate, author, and recipient of The Hope Award for Achievement, from Resolve: The National In