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Introduction to nerve cell structure and function : A Nerve cell with all its processes is called a neurone.It is the structural and functional unit of the nervous system.A neurone has cell body called soma and two types of processes called axons and dendrites.


At the opposite end of the nerve cell body is the axon, which is a long, thin fiber with branches at the end that sends signals.The axon is insulated by a myelin sheath made up of segments called Schwann cells. Nerve impulses are received by the dendrites, travel down the branches of the dendrites to the nerve cell body, and are carried along the axon.


Nerve cells are the primary cells in the nervous system. They are responsible for relaying electrical messages to cells and tissues in other organ systems. This article discusses the functions and ...


Neuron – Basic Structure and Functions Neurons (nerve cells) are the functional units of the nervous system. Even though they vary in size and shape, most have structural characteristics similar to the spinal cord neuron shown to left.


Neurons or nerve cells - Structure and function | Human Anatomy | Biology The nervous system is an essential part of the human body that helps in the transmission of signals across the various ...


Nerves are specialized cells that carry messages from one part of the body to another, as tiny electric signals. Explore the structure, function, types of nerves, and nerve disorders only @ BYJU'S.


Overview of neuron structure and function. Introduction to neurons and glia. How the structure of a neuron allows it to receive and transmit information. The neuron and nervous system. Anatomy of a neuron. Overview of neuron structure and function. ... How the structure of a neuron allows it to receive and transmit information.


Essentially, nerve cells, also known as a neurons, are the active component of the nervous system. Neurons communicate with each other as well as with other cells through electric signals (nerve impulses), which in turn allows effector organs to respond to the appropriate stimuli.


Nerve Cell Structure and Function. STUDY. PLAY. Terms in this set (...) neuron or nerve cell. is the primary structural unit of the nervous system. It is composed of a cell body and nucleus. dendrites. nerve fibers extending from the nerve cell that receive impulses from other neurons.


According to the BBC, the function of nerve cells is to transmit electrical messages and signals throughout the body. There are three types of nerve cells. Sensory neurons collect and transmit information about stimuli, such as sound, light and temperature.