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Because Neanderthals also ate plants, scientists believe that a lack of food options was not a reason that they went extinct. This diet information is also important because Neanderthals are closely related to modern humans. If Neanderthals ate plants, it tells scientists that they must have had similar digestive systems to modern humans.


Now, it's no surprise that Neanderthals didn't brush their teeth. Nor did they go to the dentist. That means bits of food and the microbes in their mouths just stayed stuck to their teeth.


"Neanderthals' main food source was definitely meat: Isotope analyses performed on single amino acids in Neanderthals' collagen samples shed new light on their debated diet." ScienceDaily.


The Neanderthal diet is a point of debate for many paleoanthropologists today. The debate is focused around two well-supported and developed hypothesis. The first is that the Neanderthals subsisted on a diet largely dominated by large terrestrial mammals, making them almost exclusively carnivores with an emphasis on protein and fat.


When It Came To Food, Neanderthals Weren't Exactly Picky Eaters : The Salt During the Ice Age, it seems Neanderthals tended to chow down on whatever was most readily available. Early humans, on ...


The Neanderthals were the first human species to live outside of the temperate zone of the world, at sites such as Weasel Cave, Russia. Hunting Strategies. The very oldest Neanderthals were likely scavengers, who recovered food from other hunting animals.


One of the more tenacious misconceptions about Neanderthals is that they were exclusively meat eaters. Sure, in some of the colder regions of Europe plant food would have been very seasonally limited, so meat was almost certainly a large part of those locals’ diets. But in warmer, more resource ...


How They Survived: Compared to early humans living in tropical Africa, with more abundant edible plant foods available year-round, the number of plant foods Neanderthals could eat would have dropped significantly during the winter of colder climates, forcing Neanderthals to exploit other food options like meat more heavily.


"In this study, we were able for the first time to quantitatively determine the proportion of vegetarian food in the diet of the late Neanderthals. Similar results were found for more recent Stone ...


Neanderthals are named after the site from which they were first identified, the Neander Valley, at the time in the Rhine Province of the Kingdom of Prussia (now in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany).The valley itself was named for Joachim Neander, Neander being the Hellenized form of the surname Neumann ("new man").. Neanderthal 1, the type specimen, was known as the "Neanderthal cra...