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www.reference.com/article/name-functional-unit-kidney-ad8e0961b1a09449

The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. It is comprised of five different parts that all work together to help the kidney function properly. The main function of the kidney is to filter and clean the blood.

www.reference.com/article/human-kidneys-located-4fd612d33ed5c1f1

The human kidneys are located against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity with one on either side of the spine. The right kidney typically sits lower than the left kidney to accommodate the liver, and both kidneys are connected to the bladder through thin tubes called ureters.

www.reference.com/article/foods-good-kidneys-2cd2df53f9249ac7

The best foods for kidneys are fruits and vegetables. There are a handful of fruits and vegetables that are low in potassium, which is ideal for kidneys since they regulate potassium. Iron rich foods are also best for kidneys since they have the important role of producing red blood cells.

www.reference.com/article/kidneys-located-body-11dc5116ee650441

The kidneys are a pair of organs, shaped like lima beans, found in the back of the body cavity. They touch the back muscles and are located under the lower ribs, near the liver.

www.reference.com/article/sign-kidney-cancer-993f1251a30f381e

Signs of kidney cancer include bloody urine, unexplained low back pain on one side, unexplained weight loss, or a lump on the side or lower back, states the American Cancer Society. Other symptoms are tiredness, appetite loss, unexplained prolonged fever and anemia. However, all of these usually hav

www.reference.com/article/foods-bad-kidneys-fc3ab4a4c2306bc1

Animal protein, caffeine, sodas, synthetic sweeteners, genetically modified foods and salt are bad for the kidney, according to Save Our Bones. Excessive intake of these substances results in harming the kidneys and other organs.

www.reference.com/science/kidney-located-db85177cfeb39f1d

In the human body, the kidneys are located vertically in the middle of the abdomen near the back wall. They are beneath the rib cage with one kidney on either side of the spine. Other mammals also have kidneys in the rear abdominal area.

www.reference.com/article/can-kidney-nodules-removed-medically-663cc91b6181d13

Kidney nodules or cysts can be removed surgically or drained if they cause symptoms that affect kidney function, reports the Mayo Clinic. However, when a nodule does not cause symptoms, treatment may not be necessary. Kidney cysts are circular sac-like growths with fluid that can develop in the kidn

www.reference.com/article/kidney-cancer-statistics-4999f2bdf6706df9

The American Cancer Society estimates 63,920 new cases of kidney cancer will occur in the United States and approximately 13,860 people will die from this disease in 2014. The lifetime risk of developing kidney cancer is 1 in 63, or 1.6 percent. The National Cancer Institute says 72.4 percent of kid

www.reference.com/article/kidney-cancer-f080ee0c5955e486

When cancer originates in the kidneys, oncologists classify it as kidney cancer, according to Mayo Clinic. Most children with kidney cancer have a type of cancer known as Wilms’ tumor, while renal cell carcinoma is the most prevalent type of kidney cancer in adults.