There are between 49 and 51 Muslim-majority countries in the world, according to estimates from 2010. The fluctuation is a result of the changing demographics in countries where Muslims comprise around 50 percent of the ... More »

At the end of 2012, there were about 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide. This accounts for about 23 percent of Earth's population. It is the world's second-most common religion after Christianity. More »

Traditionally, Muslim women wear a cloth, called a hajib, to cover the head and neck and a cloak that loosely covers the body. The Quran, the word of Allah, and the Hadith, or traditions that have been passed down from t... More »

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To become Muslim, observe the Five Pillars of Islam. Start by bearing witness, thus converting to Islam. Pray five times a day, fast during the month of Ramadan, give to charity, and make the pilgrimage to Mecca, if poss... More »

A robe worn by a Muslim woman is called an abaya or a jilbab, and men wear what is called a thwab. Generally, these robes are worn daily, over clothing. More »

A Muslim caliphate is an Islamic state led by a supreme religious leader who also acts as political leader of the state. The caliphate is ruled by a caliph who oversees the affairs of the people and government in accorda... More »

A Muslim ruler goes by many names such as emir, khalifah, hakim or khalif. No matter what he is called, a Muslim leader is always a representative of Allah on Earth in the eyes of the Islam religion. More »