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Long before Mount Pinatubo became famous for its cataclysmic eruption, Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay, a native of Zambales, named his C-47 presidential plane Mt. Pinatubo. The plane crashed in Mount Manunggal in Cebu province in 1957, killing the President and twenty-four others on board.


Mount Pinatubo, volcano, western Luzon, Philippines, that erupted in 1991 (for the first time in 600 years) and caused widespread devastation.Mount Pinatubo is located about 55 miles (90 km) northwest of Manila and rose to a height of about 4,800 feet (1,460 m) prior to its eruption. After two months of emissions and small explosions, a series of major explosions began on June 12.


March of 1982: The mountain as it appeared before the eruption and after 500 years of dormancy. At the time of the eruption, many people lived around the volcano. Image of Mount Pinatubo from Shuttle Mission STS003. The warning signs became apparent as early as 1990. On July 16 of that year, Mt. Pinatubo was disturbed by a magnitude 7.8 earthquake.


The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines' Luzon Volcanic Arc was the second-largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, behind only the 1912 eruption of Novarupta in Alaska. Eruptive activity began on April 2 as a series of phreatic explosions from a fissure that opened on the north side of Mount Pinatubo .


Mount Pinatubo shows early signs of activity in April 1991. The volcano, located on the Philippine island of Luzon, had been quiet for centuries, and scientists knew little about its eruptive history.


48hrs after Clarke Airbase was evacuated, Mt. Pinatubo erupted on 12th June the PVO team were ecstatic and awed by the eruption. They had got it right! Dave said later: “Fundamentally we knew it would explode but you start asking the ‘what ifs’. What if it takes a long time to do so.” The city became covered in ash.


In mid-March 1991, villagers around Mt. Pinatubo began feeling earthquakes and after several explosions a Level 5 alert was issued indicating an eruption was in progress. On June 15th 1991, the second largest volcanic eruption of the twentieth century took place when Mt Pinatubo erupted at 1:42 pm local time.


The June 12 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, three days before the much larger eruption on June 15, 1991. Public domain. On June 12 (Philippine Independence Day), the volcano’s first spectacular eruption sent an ash column 12 miles (19 km) into the air. Additional explosions occurred overnight and the morning of June 13.


In August 1991, 2 months after Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, exploded in a cataclysmic volcanic eruption, this house (see roof) along the Sacobia-Bamban River 15 miles from the volcano was buried by a fast-moving mudflow of volcanic ash and debris (lahar) caused by heavy rains.


The following year 3,281 homes were destroyed and 3,137 were damaged. Damage following the Mount Pinatubo eruption was usually caused by lahars - rain-induced torrents of volcanic debris that killed people and animals and buried homes in the months after the eruption. Additionally, another Mount Pinatubo eruption in August 1992 killed 72 people.