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The following is a list of genetic disorders and if known, type of mutation and the chromosome involved. Although the parlance "disease-causing gene" is common, it is the occurrence of an abnormality in these genes that causes the disease. Most common disorders ...


For example, sickle cell anemia is one common genetic disorder that mainly affects individuals of African or Mediterranean descent. So whether you fear a genetic condition due to your ethnicity—or if a certain genetic disease is common throughout your ancestry; here are the ten most common DNA mutation disorders… 1. Cystic Fibrosis


Top 10 Most Common Genetic Disorders. A genetic disorder is caused by abnormalities in an individual’s genetic material (the DNA, or the genome). There are four different types of genetic disorders.


READ Personalised Medicine: Genetic Screening For Cancer Patients. Thalassemias The thalassemias (beta-thalassemia is the most common, alpha-thalassemia is less common) is a group of inherited blood disorders where hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying molecule, is not properly synthesized by the red blood cells.


What is a genetic disease or disorder? Learn from a list of genetic diseases that are caused by abnormalities in an individual's genome. There are four main types of genetic inheritance, single, multifactorial, chromosome abnormalities, and mitochondrial inheritance. Genetic testing is available for some genetic diseases.


Specific Genetic Disorders. Many human diseases have a genetic component. Some of these conditions are under investigation by researchers at or associated with the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). Below is a list of selected genetic, orphan and rare diseases. This list is by no means comprehensive.


Top 10 Most Common Genetic Disorders. No person is born with a choice of genes. Alterations in DNA can result from a mutation in a single gene, chromosome abnormalities, or multi-factorial disorders. When genetic disorders do occur, they are often rare, and affect one person among thousands of individuals.


Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a broad spectrum of different types of inherited peripheral neuropathy. The most common types affect motor and sensory nerves and cause muscle wasting and sensory loss. There have been few trials of treatment for Charcot-Marie Tooth disease.


Most common cause of mental retardation. Will see epicanthal folds, simian crease , brushfield spots in eyes. Associated syndromes: congenital heart disease , leukemia , premature Alzheimer's disease (same morphological changes).


It is a genetic disorder that manifests itself through a complex range of behavioural and cognitive phenotypes. It is the result of genetic mutation which varies considerably in severity among patients. Fragile X syndrome is the most common cause of inherited mental retardation.