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According to doctors at HealthTap, abdominal aortic ectasia occurs when the aorta becomes dilated and swollen in the abdomen. Although the aorta enlarges with age, smoking and inherited conditions can make it worse.


An abdominal aortic aneurysm is an enlarged area in the lower portion of the aorta, which is an artery that carries the main supply of blood in the body, explains Mayo Clinic. A major risk of a large aneurysm is rupture and life-threatening internal bleeding.


Symptoms of an abdominal aortic aneurysm are often silent, but when present, the person notices a pulsing near his navel and pain in the abdomen or on one side of the abdomen that is deep and continuous, says Mayo Clinic. Back pain is another symptom.


Abdominal aortic calcification is when plaque gathers in the innermost membrane of the abdominal aorta and calcifies or hardens, states Northwestern Health Sciences University. The section of the artery that hardens is usually located on the lower vertebrae between L2 a...


The only treatment for aortic valve calcification is surgery, though most people only need surgery when the condition causes severe narrowing, according to Mayo Clinic. In general, a doctor monitors aortic valve calcification through regular checkups without other treat...


The treatment options for an abdominal aortic aneurysm include surgery or monitoring. If the aneurysm is small, a doctor may just want to keep an eye on it, according to the Mayo Clinic.


Mild thickening of the aortic valve, called aortic sclerosis, is not a serious problem, because it typically does not affect the function or motion of the valve, according to Cleveland Clinic. Aortic sclerosis sometimes progresses to a more serious condition called aort...