Microtubules are hollow tubes about 20 to 25 nanometers in diameter that function in cell movement and provide structure within the cell. These tubes consist of subunits, called heterodimers, composed of two closely rela... More »

Microtubules help chromosomes divide, combine with microfilaments to provide structure for a cell, and combine to form cilia and flagella that help cells move. Microtubules are either shrinking or growing, and they can s... More »

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The two cellular structures found in animal cells but not in plant cells are the centrosome and the lysosome. The centrosome is the microtubule-organizing center of the cell, giving rise to the mitotic spindle. The lysos... More »

Centrioles are tiny cylindrical tubes found in animal cells, and their job is to help organize the structure of microtubules during cell division. Centrioles are located near the cell’s nucleus and are arranged in such a... More »

Egg cells have adaptations in formation, structure and genetic makeup that enable them to function. Egg cells have similar genetic composition to sperm, but their physical structure and initial formation are unique. More »

As a result of cell adaptation, the function of the cell influences its shape and internal structure. This is visible in specialized cells such as red blood cells, sperm cells, muscle cells and nerve cells. More »

Dr. William H. Heidcamp, a professor in the Biology Department at Gustavus Adolphus College, explains that cell differentiation occurs when the structure and function of cells change within a certain period. The formatio... More »