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Map showing the extent of Mesopotamia. Shown are Washukanni, Nineveh, Hatra, Assur, Nuzi, Palmyra, Mari, Sippar, Babylon, Kish, Nippur, Isin, Lagash, Uruk, Charax Spasinu and Ur, from north to south. Mesopotamia is a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in the northern part of the Fertile Crescent, in modern days roughly corresponding to most ...


Ancient Mesopotamia must surely be the most influential civilization in world history. For a start, it was the first. The Mesopotamians were the first to build cities, use the potter’s wheel, develop writing, use bronze in large quantities, evolve complex bureaucracies, organize proper armies, and so on.


Mesopotamia (from the Greek, meaning 'between two rivers’) was an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the southeast by the Arabian Plateau, corresponding to today’s Iraq, mostly, but also parts of modern-day Iran, Syria and Turkey.The 'two rivers' of the name referred to the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers and the ...


Mesopotamia is a region of southwest Asia in the Tigris and Euphrates river system that benefitted from the area’s climate and geography to host the beginnings of human civilization.


The map of Mesopotamia shows how civilization sprang up along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It also makes clear why the land earned the nickname; The Land Between Two Rivers. The Tigris & Euphrates rivers have shaped the course of history for this region.


Ancient Mesopotamia is located within the Fertile Crescent, but the Crescent covers more geography than ancient Mesopotamia. Today, the Crescent includes such countries as Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Iraq, Kuwait, as well as the Sinai Peninsula and northern Mesopotamia.


Map of Ancient Mesopotamia. Map of Mesopotamia in the Ancient World. This map reveals the areas in Ancient Mesopotamia. Most scholars date the beginning of Babylonia to the fall of the third dynasty of Ur, around 2000 BC because many Amorites apparently migrated from the desert into Mesopotamia.


The history of Mesopotamia ranges from the earliest human occupation in the Lower Sumaya period up to the Late antiquity. This history is pieced together from evidence retrieved from archaeological excavations and, after the introduction of writing in the late 4th millennium BC, an increasing amount of historical sources.


Mesopotamian Civilization became the base for many aspects of Western Civilization. The geography of Mesopotamia that included flat and marshy land can be traced to parts of modern day Syria, almost all of Iraq and southeastern Turkey. As per the geography, Mesopotamian Civilization could be roughly divided into two zones: the mostly flat Upper ...


Ancient Mesopotamia was the setting for the earliest civilization in world history. This article covers its long history; for a more in-depth look at culture and everyday life, go to the article on Ancient Mesopotamia: Civilization and Society.. Contents