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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medial_collateral_ligament

The medial collateral ligament (MCL), or tibial collateral ligament (TCL), is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. It is on the medial (inner) side of the knee joint in humans and other primates. Its primary function is to resist outward turning forces on the knee.

www.physio-pedia.com/Medial_Collateral_Ligament_of_the_Knee

The superficial medial collateral ligament (sMCL) has one femoral and two tibial attachments.[2] The femoral attachment is situated on the medial epicondyle. The proximal attachment blends into the semimembranosus tendon and the insertion of the distal attachment is at the posteromedial crest of the tibia.[2]

www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=8860

Medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee: The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joint.

www.healthpages.org/health-a-z/medial-lateral-collateral...

Treatment of Collateral Ligament Injuries. Most injuries to the collateral ligaments will heal with immobilizing the knee joint in a cast or brace for 4-6 weeks. An isolated injury to the lateral collateral ligament or medial collateral ligament usually does not require surgical repair or reconstruction.

www.cedars-sinai.org/.../medial-collateral-ligament-tears.html

The medial collateral ligament's main function is to prevent the leg from extending too far inward, but it also helps keep the knee stable and allows it to rotate. Injuries to the medial collateral ligament most often happen when the knee is hit directly on its outer side. The medial collateral ligament usually responds well to nonsurgical treatment.

www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/tibial-collateral-ligament

The tibial collateral ligament is also called the superficial medial collateral ligament. It is about eight to ten centimeters long and stretches from femur's medial epicondyle (a bony protrusion ...

www.knee-pain-explained.com/kneeligaments.html

The medial collateral ligament is found on the medial (inner) side of the knee. It is a broad flat ligament approximately 10cm long attaching to the femur and the tibia. The MCL resists forces from the outside of the leg (known as valgus forces).

www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/mcl_tear

MCL Tear The MCL is a broad, thick band that runs down the inner part of the knee, from the femur (thighbone) to about four to six inches from the top of the tibia (shinbone). The MCL's primary function is to prevent the leg from over-extending inward, but it also is part of the mechanism that stabilizes the knee and allows it to rotate.

physioworks.com.au/.../medial-collateral-ligament-sprain

Medial Collateral Ligament Sprain: Article by J. Miller, Z. Russell. What is your Medial Collateral Ligament? Your medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the knee ligament on the medial (inner) side of your knee connecting the medial femoral condyle and the medial tibial condyle. It is one of four major knee ligaments that help to stabilise the knee joint.

www.sportsinjurybulletin.com/medial-collateral-ligament...

In the first of a 2-part article, Chris Mallac describes the anatomy and biomechanics of the medial knee ligaments, the implications of injury, and how these injuries are identified and graded. The superficial medial collateral ligament (s-MCL) is one of the most commonly injured structures at the knee, in both contact sports and sports that...