In math a proportion is a way of showing that two fractions are equal to each other; for example, 1/2 = 2/4. Common problems using proportions involve situations where three of the four numbers in the proportion are know... More »

Solve simple mathematical proportions by writing the ratios as fractions, setting these fractions equal to each other, cross-multiplying and then solving for any variables. A simple ratio to solve is 2:x = 3:9, which mea... More »

When solving proportions in math, the outer terms in the calculation are the extremes, and the middle terms are called the means. When setting the proportion equation a/b = c/d, the a and the d figures are the extremes. ... More »

A ratio is the amount of one object (or one type of object) compared to another one. In math, ratios are used to compare the values of different objects. More »

In math, the definition of quotient is the number which is the result of dividing two numbers. The dividend is the number that is being divided, and the divisor is the number that is being used to divide the dividend. Fo... More »

To find the quotient of two fractions, take the reciprocal of the divisor, or bottom fraction, and multiply it by the first fraction. Fractions can be multiplied together by multiplying the numerators together and multip... More »

In mapmaking, a fractional scale refers to the proportion of map distance to the actual distance on the ground. It can be expressed in fractional form or as a ratio. More »